The Israel Observatory on Femicide was established in 2020 by Prof. Shalva Weil at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. The purpose of the Observatory is to collect and monitor data and narratives about the murder of women, both quantitative and qualitative, and provide means for building an ongoing knowledge base to eradicate the phenomenon.
Apart from sporadic reports initiated by communications systems, the required data on the phenomenon in Israel was not collected: only in 2012, the Knesset's Women's Rights Committee decided that women's murders should be reported annually. However, in practice, there is no concentrated or formal data collection of these cases in Israel.
The Knesset does invest efforts in collecting the statistical data, which they claim are taken from the Israeli Police's database. However, data from the Ministry of Homeland Security on the murder of women does not overlap with police reports, non-profit organizations, and media reports. Moreover, no comprehensive and in-depth attempts have been made to understand the motives for the murder of these women.
In November 2015, Dr. Dubravka Simonovic, the UN Special Rapporteur Commissioner for the Elimination of Violence against Women, called for establishing an Observatory observation or Femicide watch in all countries.
Prof. Shalva Weil was the head of an initiative called "Femicide Across Europe" on behalf of the COST (European Committee for Cooperation in Science and Technology) between 2013-2017 and chaired a committee that included 80 representatives from 30 European countries. At the end of the COST project in 2017, Prof. Weil was instrumental in establishing the European Observatory on Femicide in Malta (which is today run from Cyprus and Germany), as well as other Observatories in Georgia and Macedonia.